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The Case of Frank Wetzel as a Window on Global to Local Law

quote:  My clan against the enemy, my brother and I against the clan, me against my brother (Somali saying)

Like a fable…the fact of (Wetzel’s) guilt has been handed down and believed (Bill Currie, unpublished biography)

The Highway Patrol hopes (Wetzel) never will (win parole) (, January 22, 2004)

No governor wants to touch this (Rev. Jim Lewis, LA Times, February 5, 1995)

Parole of this inmate would…be an affront to all law enforcement officers (Gov. James B. Hunt, ibid)

in the news:  Convicted Murderer Wetzel Denied Parole (after 50 years) (, February 4, 2004)

Two 1990’s War Crimes Suspects Nabbed in One Day (UN, May 27, 2011)

in perspective:   Once upon a time the only laws were those of Mother Nature.  The caveman took what he could until he clashed with another doing the same.  Thereon they agreed to set up boundaries and cooperate according to rules.   Those rudiments of law, however, did not end the poaching and pillaging that has necessitated the continued evolution and refinement of law at every level.

By the twenty-first century, law is led by international regulation that for the most part lies beyond individual awareness.  United Nations Conventions and other instruments set standards, as in the Geneva Conventions regulating the conduct of war, the treatment of prisoners and protection of civilians during times of conflict.  The International Law Commission sets new standards for emerging situations such as the need to protect the environment.  The Commission for Trade Law (UNCITRAL) sets guidelines and rules for emerging economic activities such as e-commerce.

In addition, courts and related bodies have been established to oversee the carriage of justice.  The International Court of Justice adjudicates disputes between countries, including those involving borders and the use of natural resources shared by multiple countries, such as water supplies.   Tribunals preside over the proceedings of specific situations such as the investigation into the 1994 Rwanda massacre or the genocide in the Balkans.

The newest such body is the International Criminal Court, established in 2002 by the Rome Statute once 60 of the world’s 170 countries had signed on.  As of October 2010, 114 countries are parties to the Statute.  The United States is not one of them, in part because of concern about frivolous suits being brought against a superpower.  Other concerns include a controversy about whether the Court helps or hinders the process of bringing to justice the pepetrators of grave crimes such as genocide in a world where national legal systems are vastly diverse in development.  Nevertheless, on May 26, 2011,  the Court arrested two major leaders allegedly  responsible for the Rwanda and Balkans crimes against humanity.

The alleged atrocities in both cases occurred in 1994, meaning that both suspected masterminds were able to elude the law for 17 years.  At that level of national prominence, the individuals were protected from the law at every tier, from sympathetic governmental involvement to that of municipal authorities as well as close associates along with friends and families.

That large-scale evasion of the rule of law is demonstrated on the local scale by the opposite case of 88-year-old Frank Wetzel, who in 2011 has been confined in a North Carolina prison for over 50 years although he has been eligible for parole since 1977.  The influences keeping him confined involve the American national legal system, state-level interests, prison authorities and the ephemeral element of communally projected personal perception fueled by emotion.

There can be little doubt that Frank Wetzel took the fall for crimes he did not commit and was convicted by an unregulated sensationalist media in pre-Miranda protection days.  He was not represented by counsel in first hearings, conflicting testimony was unquestioned at his two trials, the only prosecution witness recanted his testimony in 1987 and the jury foreman admitted leniency in sentencing because the jury was not convinced of Frank Wetzel’s guilt.

Despite those serious irregularities, every request for a review of the case has been denied with no reason required to be cited.  The routine parole board decision is that the prisoner will benefit from further rehabilitation.

The facts of the case have been cited repeatedly from the time of the 1957 trial themselves.  Two State Troopers were killed within twenty minutes of each other at a distance of 80 miles apart, meaning that the driver would have had to travel over 100 miles on 1957 back roads to have been responsible for both killings.  Evidence against Frank Wetzel was skimpy and transparently manufactured.  Yet once behind bars with the label of law-enforcement-killer on his back, Frank Wetzel was intended to never get out regardless of who had committed the crimes of which he was convicted.

In his still-to-be published biography of Frank Wetzel, sportswriter Bill Currie outlined the grounds for giving credence to rumors involving in-fighting and personal hostilities in the North Carolina State Trooper system.  The state itself, however, has more than its fair share of corruption-tainted allegations.  In addition, as is well known, the American criminal justice system is shrouded in secrecy at the state and local levels.  Political appointments are routine.

Finally, the uncrackable bars of Frank Wetzel’s cell are cemented by the most common element of all, the personal investment poured into a strong belief, whether right or wrong.   More than 50 years after commission of the crimes, Trooper families come to Frank Wetzel’s parole hearings to lend support to the notion that no Trooper-killer ever be freed.

Support for the rule of law and for those involved in its implementation are among civilization’s highest ideals.  However, as evidenced by the case of Frank Wetzel and the refusal to review a very shaky pair of convictions,  it is obvious that the law comes from above but is carried out on the ground.  where it is human to err and not unknown to err intentionally.

Failure to carry out justice by a review of Frank Wetzel’s case casts a shadow of doubt on the entire law enforcement and criminal justice systems, not just in North Carolina but at the American national level.  A review of those systems should begin in North Carolina just as soon as Frank Wetzel is granted clemency for the long sentence of injustice he has already endured.


The last shall be first with the 2012 election

quote:  the world hates change, yet it is the only thing that has brought progress (Charles Kettering)

Tell all the Truth but tell it slant/Success in Circuit lies/Too bright for our infirm Delight/The Truth’s superb surprise (Emily Dickinson)

in the news:  Obama Tells Supporters Change Harder than Expected.  White House Releases Obama Birth Certificate.  Bin Laden Killed. Billionaire Donald Trump Won’t Run for President in 2012

in perspective:  “Change you can believe in.”  That was the slogan of the half-white man savvy enough to lead America into the historic step of electing the first non-white leader of a western industrialized country.

The conservative traditionalist backlash was no surprise.  The Tea Party movement cropped up with the inauguration.  The racial element was barely address in comparison to the monumental change that had come to America and through it, to the world.  Even the Birthers demanding to see the new President’s birth certificate denied they were racists and few voiced the view that of course racism was obvious.  Had anyone ever asked George Bush to show credentials?

A corollary to the issue of race in the modern world is a whole gamut of factors  determining social status.  Where status is in play, so is entitlement.  Determinants of status include power and money.  They also include attitudes such as exclusivity.  Golfing clubs have fewer members than YMCA’s and the membership is quite jealous to keep the proportion as it is.

While the 2010 midterm elections did show  evidence of the backlash, the damage to the new President’s progressive agenda was less than traumatic.  Thereon entered Donald Trump, the real estate magnate and TV game show star who was the caricature of the chest thumping white Anglo-Saxon protestant male whose most highly developed skill was to domineer through fear.

The message was never voiced with the volume it deserved.  Trump had appointed himself the guardian of the status quo through which he had risen. 

By the  time he withdrew from the political arena in mid-May 2011, a May 4 Quinipiac poll had indicated that the majority of Americans would not vote for Donald Trump as president.  They would also not vote for Sarah Palin to be in that position, howevermuch the conservatives in 2008 had elevated the Alaskan cheerleader to political stature as a symbol of the rustic cowboy loner image considered to be all-American.

The Quinipiac poll is proof that Americans may be lost in a global world but they’re no fools.  They are led by the same gut-instinct wisdom with which they elected Barack Obama in 2008.

Americans do seem to grasp the concept that the world may still be dominated by white Anglo-Saxon males and the women who support them, but global society is no longer captive to that historic remnant.  Asian countries are emerging economies, as are the South American nations.  They are making alliances with minerally rich African countries to access those natural resources.  The Arab countries are adapting to modern democratic ways.  Americans seem to sense that the way forward for America with job creation is to help the world help itself through cooperation.

The most direct way to gain an opening onto that prosperous future is to state the obvious in the blunt American manner.  America is now led by a non-white family.  The effect of the historic leap that has been made is profound.

In 2011 America with another presidential election on the way, it is time to stop criticizing President Obama for failing to live up to the promise of change.  However brilliant, no man can be faulted for failing to change 2,000 years of a status quo in a mere two years.

No better proof can be offered for the effectiveness of the new President’s strategy than the end of the Osama Bin Laden albatross that has weighed on America since 9/11.  Bin Laden was at long last located not through the use of force but by working with local communities.  Credit also goes to improved coordination between American intelligence and armed services.

Those mighty aspects of America’s status in the global community of 192 countries are beyond the scope of America at large.  They are, however, part of the machinery that keeps America’s businesses expanding.

They are also the responsibility of the new non-White President and his family in the White House.  That President deserves patience with his dealing of the status quo during his first four years.  He needs another four to achieve the promised change.

How the Media Locked Up Frank Wetzel and Threw Away the Key

In  1957, Frank Wetzel  was arrested for murdering  two North Carolina State Troopers on November 5. The following year, he was convicted of both murders, which took place nearly 50 miles apart, and within 20 minutes of each other.  The sole “eyewitness” recanted his testimony 23 years ago.  Nevertheless, Mr. Wetzel , still in federal prison  52 two years after his conviction, is an innocent man, once framed, twice convicted, and left moldering  in his cell by a highly imperfect criminal justice system.